Word Family

40 Articles

Mid-16th century (in the senses ‘to take something into consideration’, ‘mention something before the proper time’): from Latin anticipat- ‘acted in advance’, from anticipare, based on ante- ‘before’ + capere ‘take’

Old English cnāwan (earlier gecnāwan ) ‘recognise, identify’, of Germanic origin; from an Indo-European root shared by Latin (g)noscere, Greek gignōskein (‘to know’, source of words such as agnostic), also by can and ken

Middle English enforme, informe ‘give form or shape to’, also ‘form the mind of, teach’, from Old French enfourmer, from Latin informare ‘shape, fashion, describe’, from in- ‘into’ + forma ‘a form’

Late Middle English (denoting the venom of a snake): from Latin, literally ‘slimy liquid, poison’, also the source of virulent (Late Middle English). The earlier medical sense, superseded by the current use as a result of improved scientific understanding, was ‘a substance produced in the body as the result of disease, especially one capable of infecting others.’

Middle English: from Old French juge (noun), juger (verb), from Latin judex, judic-, from jus ‘law’ (the source also of just (Late Middle English), justice (Old English), injury (Late Middle English), etc.) + dicere ‘to say’

Late Middle English via Old French logique and late Latin logica from Greek logikē (tekhnē) ‘(art) of reason’, from logos ‘word, reason’

Middle English from Old French imaginer, from Latin imaginare ‘form an image of, represent’ and imaginari ‘picture to oneself’, both from imago ‘imitation, likeness, idea’—the source also of imitate


Mid-16th century from Latin imitat- ‘copied’, from the verb imitari; related to imago ‘image’

Late Middle English from Latin assumere, from ad- ‘towards’ + sumere ‘take’—the source also of consume ‘take up together’, presume ‘take before’ hence ‘take for granted’, resume ‘take back’, etc.

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